Credit bureaus record your credit history, which they use to evaluate your creditworthiness when you apply for a mortgage. In the United States, mortgage lenders use three major credit bureaus:
If you plan to buy a new house, you must understand how mortgage lenders decide based on credit bureau reports.
Revealing the Favorite Credit Bureau Mortgage Lenders Use
All three major credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion) compile and maintain consumers’ credit reports. It includes information about their credit history, current debts, and payment history.
Mortgage lenders can request credit reports from any of these bureaus, and there is no one “standard” credit bureau that lenders use. By checking all three reports, the lender can ensure they have the most accurate and up-to-date information about your credit history.
|💡Did You Know?
It’s common for mortgage lenders to pull credit reports from all three bureaus because each bureau may have slightly different information on your credit history, and lenders want to see a complete picture of creditworthiness.
FICO Score: Secret to Mortgage Approval
Mortgage lenders rely on FICO scores to evaluate the credit risk of borrowers seeking a mortgage. They use variations such as FICO scores 2,4,5.
Here are the ranges for the FICO score:
- Below 580
- 580 – 699
- 800 or higher
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While the FICO score is essential in determining mortgage eligibility, lenders may also consider other factors.
Factors Beyond Credit Scores
Mortgage lenders will consider other factors besides your credit score and credit report when evaluating your application. These include:
- Employment history
- Debt-to-income ratio
- Down payment funds
If you have a low credit score, you may still be able to qualify for a mortgage, but you may have to pay a higher interest rate or make a larger down payment.
However, even with a high credit score, other factors, such as your income and employment history, can still affect your mortgage chances.
The Link Between Credit Scores and Mortgage Rates
A credit score is a numerical representation of your creditworthiness based on your credit history and other financial behaviors. It significantly impacts the interest rate a lender may charge you for a mortgage loan.
A higher credit score generally indicates that you are a lower-risk borrower, and thus you are more likely to be approved for a loan and offered a lower interest rate.
|✅ Pro Tip
Aim for a 700 credit score to make you an attractive candidate to lenders. This level of credit score gives you lower interest rates, easier loan approval, lower insurance premiums, etc.
Mortgage lenders don’t use just one specific credit bureau when evaluating your application. They may pull credit reports from all three bureaus to get a complete picture of your credit history.
It’s essential to ensure that your credit report is accurate and up-to-date with all three bureaus before applying for a mortgage.
FAQs on Credit Bureau Mortgage Lenders Use
Who uses a Fico score of 8?
FICO score 8 is widely used by many lenders, including credit card issuers, auto lenders, and mortgage lenders, to assess a borrower’s credit risk. It is considered one of the most commonly used credit scoring models by more than 90% of top lenders in the US.
What is the highest Fico score with Experian?
The highest possible FICO score with Experian is 850. A high FICO score can help you secure better loan terms and interest rates when applying for credit.
Can credit bureaus provide inaccurate credit reports?
Yes, credit bureaus can issue incorrect credit reports. Credit bureau errors, incorrect information creditors provide, or identity theft can all lead to inaccuracies. Reviewing your credit reports regularly and resolving any inaccuracies is critical to reflect your credit history accurately.